The Treaty of Mozon and Valentino are among the many important historical documents that detail Spanish actions in the Philippines from 15argo to 1655. Although Spain was involved in an extensive series of conflicts in the Philippines starting in the fifteenth century, it remained a key partner for the Philippines in economic, social and even military activities during the colonial period. Even after the formal independence of the Philippines in 1898, Spain maintained significant political and military influence over the country. Consequently, there are numerous instances of bilateral and even multilateral trade relations with the Spanish Empire in the early years of the nineteenth century. Even today, Manila exhibits a remarkable closeness to Madrid – one of the most popular destinations in Spain. Even so, most Filipinos do not accept Spain’s claim to the Philippines as its prerogative.
In the late nineteenth century, the first Spanish possessions in the Philippines came under the administration of General Spanies Alejo Seguin and Father Hidalgo. They established a fortress at Fort Bonifacio, which was later named Talisay (also Talaisupay or Longhiaguate). This fortress, which was almost deserted by the Americans, became a major American military post with its detachment of troops from Vera Cruz to Baguio. In this city, the first Europeans to take service in the Philippines were German officers who had served in Germany.
The second European to arrive in the Philippines were the French, and they established a fortress at Fort Bonifacio. Although the US military was at this time restricted by the Versicolor Laws imposed upon Germany by the House of Bourbon, the Americans nonetheless continued to supply equipment and arms to the French army. Some historians believe that French personnel, mostly foreigners in disguise, entered the Philippines through Americans who were then accredited as the legal administrators of the Insular War in the Philippines. They established bases in Pampanga, Negril, Davao, and Baguio. These were the same areas where American soldiers stayed during the First World War.
In 1917, the French began to make their move to take control of Manila. They established the Fifth Army in the south and the Third Army in the northwest. The Japanese began an invasion of the Philippines in the first few months of the war. This caused the French to withdraw their support from the Americans and the British. On 7 November, the American military made a frontal attack on the fortress of Bonifacio.
At that point, the French surrendered the island. But the Japanese still occupied the mozon. On 4 December the mozon was taken over by the Americans. General Ulysses S. Grant then took charge of the salvage operation and the destruction of the mozon.
After the surrender, General Sherman proposed that a peace treaty is established between Japan and the United States. He made a plan for a two-party economic negotiation between the two countries. General Sherman was the one who proposed this plan. This was a way to end the war quickly without causing too much damage to the economy. On 4 January, signed the treaty of Mozon.
On 7 March the San Francisco Examiner published an account of the damage done by both the Japanese and Americans during the First World War. The account was written by Mrs. Alice Roosevelt Longfellow. She described seeing many wounded soldiers lying dead near stretchers at the morgue of the Manila Cemetery. She described seeing a “dawning dawn” of bodies lying in stretchers at the cemetery.
Visiting Manila today, it can be seen that the graves have been relocated. Many of these war dead cannot be identified due to the lack of remains. There is another island called Vera Cruz on Moon Island that is claimed by the Philippines. Many American servicemen were held there during the war. Many people believe that these military prisoners were executed by the Japanese troops.